The Shawnee group was one of a variety of Indian tribes that had been hired by the federal government to manufacture pouches sold with the limited run of 50,000 silver dollars. The Ohio Shawnees were involved in making about 2,000 pouches and were cited in the "certificate of authenticity" that came with each coin-and-pouch set.
The problem, the mint said this week, is that "neither state nor federal authorities recognize the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band of Ohio as an official Indian tribe." As such, "the pouch is not an authentic American Indian arts and crafts product."
OHIO HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Am. Sub. H. J. R. No. 8
MESSRS. McLIN – CHRISTMAN – SAXBE
To recognize the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF OHIO:
WHEREAS, The members of the 113th General Assembly of Ohio learned of the growth and progress of the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band and take this opportunity to recognize these descendants of the first Americans; and
WHEREAS, The Kispoko Band was the first of the Shawnee Nation to come to what is now Ohio around 1200 A. D. Here, they met the Talegwa who became a band of the Shawnee and who taught the Kispoko earth work and farming. By 1600, all five bands of the Shawnee Nation were together throughout Ohio and Kentucky; and
WHEREAS, The Shawnee society was well organized not only in the governmental structure, but in the daily lives of the people. Representative government, consisting of village, band, and nation councils, served all Shawnee with equal representations of men and women who considered all major decisions affecting the Nation. In addition, the Shawnee lived in three-generation families where reverence for the elders and responsibility were instilled in each child, and although the Shawnee lived in large family units they still retained their individualism and privacy; and
WHEREAS, Today, the Shawnee Nation, United Remnant Band consists of over six hundred fifty descendants of these earliest Ohio settlers, including full-blooded Shawnee. Led by Tukemas, principal chief, the members are helping preserve the past so future generations may learn their proud heritage and the determined individuals who were among the first to settle in Ohio; therefore be it
RESOLVED, That we, the members of the 113th General Assembly, in adopting this Resolution, commend the Shawnee Nation and salute its people as among the first Ohio citizens; and be it further
RESOLVED, That the Legislative Clerk of the House of Representatives transmit duly authenticated copies of this Resolution to the President of the United States, the members of the Ohio Congressional delegation, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Chief Tukemas, the Dayton Daily News, the Dayton Journal Herald, the Xenia Daily Gazette, and the Fairborn Daily Herald.
January 29, 1980
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, VERNAL G. RIFFE, JR.
STATE REPRESENTATIVE, C. J. McLIN, JR.
LEGISLATIVE CLERK, RICHARD C. MURRAY
The Shawnee Nation, United Remnant Band is in possession of many supporting documents that speak to the LEGAL INTENT of AM. Sub. H. J. R. No. 8. In Ohio, a JOINT RESOLUTION is used to amend the Ohio Constitution and “require the approval of BOTH houses and after approval must be filed with the Secretary of State.” (A Guidebook for Ohio Legislators, Chapter “Enacting Legislation”, Ohio Legislative Service Commission, Tenth Edition, 2007-2008)
Item 1. Letter from Congressman Tony P. Hall, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives – dated Aug. 31, 1979
“I am pleased to learn that the resolution has passed the Ohio House…”
Item 2. Charles J. Curran, State Senator, Ohio Senate – dated Deb. 26, 1980
Letter to: The Honorable Tony P. Hall
“I am responding to your question about the status of H. J. R. No. 8 (recognition of the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band).
The bill passed the Senate on January 29 and has been adopted.”
Item 3. Letter from Governor Richard F. Celeste, State of Ohio, Office of the Governor - dated Jan. 29, 1984
“On behalf of the citizens of the State of Ohio, I would like to congratulate you on the occasion of the third anniversary of official State recognition of your tribe as the Shawnee Nation.
The Shawnee Nation has a proud and rich tradition which has combined the ideals of personal integrity and community loyalty. The anniversary of the State recognition of the Shawnee Nation is an occasion on which to honor your unique cultural heritage which has contributed so much to the State of Ohio and our nation.
Again, let me extend my congratulations and send my best wishes for continued happiness and prosperity in the years to come.”
Item 4. Letter from Hazel E. Elbert (Deputy to the Assistant Secretary – Indian Affairs, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs – dated May 16, 1986
To: Honorable Tony P. Hall, House of Representatives
“This is in response to your inquiry … regarding state recognition for the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band. We did receive on March 25, 1980 a copy of the resolution granting state recognition for the group. We acknowledged our receipt of the State’s resolution on April 4, 1980”
According to legal council, in the State of Ohio legality is established by the intent and action taken, not just the wording of the legislation. The INTENT of Am. Sub. HJR No.8 was to fully recognize the Shawnee Nation, United Remnant Band as a STATE RECOGNIZED TRIBE in OHIO. It was acted upon by announcement in prominent newspapers in the region of Ohio where the Tribe was located. It was submitted to the Secretary of the State, the President of the United States, the BIA, etc. It has been acknowledge by legislators throughout the last 27 years.
Have known this group's Leader, Jerry Lewis Pope, since he arrived in Ohio right after the Xenia tornado..1975..Was not an Indian then and is not one now...His own aunt, Gary's mom said so.. If he can prove that he is, as all other Indians must to receive any help, ask him to do so...Have traced him to 1700's.
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