Seton met Scouting's founder, Lord Baden-Powell, in 1906. Baden-Powell had read Seton's book, The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians, and was greatly intrigued by it. The pair met and shared ideas. Baden-Powell went on to found the Scouting movement worldwide, and Seton became vital in the foundation of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) and was its first Chief Scout. His Woodcraft Indians (a youth organization), combined with the early attempts at Scouting from the YMCA and other organizations, and Daniel Carter Beard's Sons of Daniel Boone, to form the BSA. The work of Seton and Beard is in large part the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement.
Seton was Chief Scout of the BSA from 1910-1915 and his work is in large part responsible for the American Indian influences within the BSA.
"Ernest Thompson Seton (left) with Baden-Powell (seated) and fellow Boy Scouts of America pioneer Dan Beard (right)."
United States Boy Scout Activities: Indian Lore
History of the Boy Scouts of America
Scouts founder Baden-Powell 'was a war criminal who had tribal chief executed illegally'
Baden-Powell, who will forever be associated with the scouting movement which he founded in 1907, is accused of ordering the execution of a tribal chief against the orders of his superiors while serving in Africa with the army in 1896.
He even altered his diary entries to reflect his version of the story--claiming that Uwini, the leader of the tribe in Matabeleland--now Zimbabwe--was captured in battle, rather than surrendering.
For more on the subject, see Educating Scouts About Stereotypes and Boy Scouts Dishonor Indians.
Below: "Lord Baden-Powell is accused of illegally ordering a firing squad to execute a tribal leader."