The Native aspects
At Gjoa Haven, Amundsen encountered the Netsilik band of Inuit. He initially considered them Stone Age savages who couldn't do much more than make fire by rubbing sticks together.
In his first winter there, he learned how to wear caribou furs, build ice huts, and hunt seals through ice holes. He came to appreciate the indigenous lifestyle.
Amundsen's crew wanted to leave in the spring, but he wanted to stay another year. He prevailed and learned how to do dog-sledding. The trick was to ice the runners so the sled would glide over drifts.
With his claim that he could do extraordinary things at a distance (i.e., shoot a gun), he became a kind of king to the Inuit. Sadly, he realized he was bringing the 20th century to them. He understood he was beginning a process that would lead to the destruction of their culture.
A quote, possibly made up, demonstrates his belief:
Anyway, Arctic Passage: Ice Survivor is good. A few quotes from the NY Times review give you the idea:
Often in science and exploration, as with the space shuttle disasters, for instance, pat-sounding testimonials are heard about one generation's failed heroics being a springboard for new discoveries, but the Amundsen expedition offers evidence that these are not platitudes after all.
The expeditions chronicled in "Arctic Passage" have a suicidal courage to them that's hard to fathom in our cellphone-packing age.