How would one create a new dog breed?
Creating a new breed isn't about just tossing 2 dogs together, shake them up, and "voila" you have a new breed--it takes generations of dogs and many years (I would guess decades, if not longer) to get a new breed.
It's one of the reasons these "designer dogs" are not considered "breeds"--you can't breed a labradoodle to a labradoodle to get a litter of labradoodles--you still have to breed the lab to the poodle to get the mix involved.
To accomplish this, a written breed standard is needed that describes the traits that the judges and breeders will use to advance not only temperament and type but many of the other desirable traits. Each standard includes the major and minor faults and the disqualifications. For these reasons, those who attempt to create a new breed must craft a breed standard that fits the traits they intend to establish. Oftentimes these breeders will overlook the requirements and expectations that will be placed upon their new breed for its qualities, function and purpose.
In order for a breed, new or old, to be recognized, the breeders must be able to demonstrate several generations of pups that resemble one phenotype and are genetically similar to their parents. This means that they can be distinguished based on their appearance and genetics. For example, breeders who choose to create a new breed must be prepared to spend upwards of 50 years of continuous breeding to create a gene pool that will produce entire litters consistent in type and genetics.
The first step in creating a new breed involves a definite vision of what the breed will look like and the writing of a breed standard to describe it. For example, what characteristics must a Yorkie-Poo have in order for it to be considered a Yorkie-Poo? What is a Cocker-Chon or a Peke-A-Pom supposed to look and act like? To date, no breeders of these “new” breeds have even taken that first step.(see note) There has been no agreement among breeders even as to what a Yorkie-Poo is supposed to be other than a cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle. After years of mixing these breeds, no two Yorkie-Poos look anything alike; neither are any Peke-A-Poms or Cocker-Chons similar to one another. There has not been any serious effort at all to create a distinct breed that the AKC would recognize.
The most recently recognized breed in the AKC is, I believe, the Leonberger, but the breed was created in the mid-1800s.
Now let's see the evidence that the NAID fits this standard. That NAID breeders have been working to create this breed since the Eisenhower era. Let's hope these dogs aren't just a couple of generations of wolves, huskies, Malamutes, Chinooks, and German shepherds mixed together. Because that isn't close to being a real dog breed.
For more on the subject, see:
"Indian dog" disturbs Indians
A history of Indian dogs
Indian dog steals baby
P.S. None of this information comes directly from the AKC, so spare us any talk of how the AKC is a business that's picking on poor NAID breeders.
Below: "I'm not half wolf and half husky or Malamute. Really!"